Quick and Trustworthy Purification of Total RNA and mRNA from Various Samples

2023-03-29 04:21:59 By : Ms. Sure Tam
RNA Column Purification: A Guide to Quick and Reliable RNA Purification

RNA is a critical biomolecule that plays a pivotal role in gene expression, protein synthesis, and other essential cellular functions. To study RNA, researchers need a pure, intact, and high-quality RNA sample. However, RNA is highly susceptible to degradation and contamination, which can hinder its analysis and downstream applications. Therefore, RNA purification is a crucial step in RNA research, and selecting the right purification method is critical.
RNA Purification

One of the most popular methods for RNA purification is column-based purification. This method uses silica-based columns that effectively bind RNA and eliminate unwanted contaminants. Column-based RNA purification offers several advantages over other methods, such as speed, convenience, scalability, and reproducibility. In this blog post, we'll discuss RNA column purification and how to get the best results.

What is RNA Column Purification?

RNA column purification is a method for isolating RNA from a variety of biological samples, such as cells, tissues, viruses, plants, serum, and plasma. It involves using a silica-based column, which contains a resin that selectively binds RNA while excluding contaminants. The column is prepacked with a binding buffer, which lyses the cells and solubilizes the RNA, and a washing buffer, which removes impurities. Finally, the RNA is eluted from the column by using a low-salt buffer or nuclease-free water.

RNA column purification is a quick and reliable method for obtaining high-quality RNA. It can purify both total RNA and mRNA, and also remove DNA, proteins, salts, and other contaminants. Furthermore, column-based RNA purification is scalable and can be automated for high-throughput applications.

How to Perform RNA Column Purification?

RNA column purification involves several steps, including sample preparation, column assembly, RNA binding and washing, and RNA elution. Here's a general protocol for RNA column purification.

1. Sample Preparation

The first step in RNA column purification is to prepare the sample for RNA extraction. Depending on the sample type, you may have to homogenize the tissue, lyse the cells, or isolate the virus particles. It's crucial to use proper sample preparation techniques to avoid RNA degradation, RNase contamination, or other artifacts. Also, remove any insoluble debris or cellular debris by centrifugation or filtration.

2. Column Assembly

Next, assemble the RNA purification column according to the manufacturer's instructions. Typically, the column is inserted into a collection tube, and the binding and washing buffers are added to the column. It's essential to equilibrate the column with the binding buffer to ensure optimal RNA binding.

3. RNA Binding and Washing

Load the sample onto the column, which contains the binding buffer, and allow the RNA to bind to the column resin by gravity flow or centrifugation. The binding buffer contains chaotropic salts that disrupt the cell membranes and denature the proteins, releasing the RNA. The RNA binds to the silica-based resin via electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions. Next, wash the column with a washing buffer to remove any impurities, such as DNA, proteins, or salts. The washing buffer contains ethanol, which helps to displace any contaminants and improve the RNA purity.

4. RNA Elution

Finally, elute the RNA from the column by using a low-salt buffer or nuclease-free water. The elution buffer breaks the RNA-resin interactions and releases the RNA into the collection tube. The RNA purity, quantity, and quality can be evaluated by using a spectrophotometer, agarose gel electrophoresis, or other RNA analysis methods.

Tips for Successful RNA Column Purification

Here are some tips to get the best results from RNA column purification:

1. Use fresh reagents, and avoid RNase contamination. Wear gloves and use dedicated equipment to prevent RNase contamination, which can destroy RNA.

2. Optimize the sample preparation to obtain intact and high-quality RNA. Avoid excessive handling, sonication, or harsh treatments that can fragment or degrade RNA.

3. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for RNA column assembly and use. Don't overload the column, and use the recommended volume and concentration of sample and buffer.

4. Use high-quality elution buffer that's free of RNases and other contaminants. Avoid using tap water, which may contain RNases, salts, or other impurities.

5. Validate the RNA purity, quantity, and quality by using multiple assays, such as spectrophotometry, gel electrophoresis, or RT-qPCR. Check the RNA integrity number (RIN) to ensure that the RNA is intact and not degraded.

In conclusion, RNA column purification is a quick and reliable method for RNA isolation that can yield high-quality RNA from various samples. It's a scalable and adaptable method that can be used for high-throughput applications or automated workflows. By following some general tips and best practices, you can get the best results from RNA column purification and enhance your RNA research.